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FIBA Official Basketball Rules & Interpretations – Valid as of March 1st, 2017

D’Fiba huet e puer Ännerungen zu de Reegelen publizéiert, déi ab dem 1 März 2017 gëllen.

Ännerungen sinn orange markéiert, wann den Artikel ganz markéiert ass, ass deen nei derbäi komm:

Art. 15 Player in the act of shooting:

15-1 Statement: When a player is in the act of shooting and after being fouled he passes the ball off, he is no longer considered to be in the act of shooting.

15-2 Example: During his act of shooting A1 has the ball in both hands when he is fouled by B1. After the foul A1 passes to A2.

Interpretation: A1 is no longer considered to be in the act of shooting.

Art. 17 Throw-in:

17-10 Example: In the last minute of the game, A1 attempts 2 free throws. During the 2nd free throw A1 steps on the free-throw line while shooting and a violation is called. Team B requests a time-out.

Interpretation: After the time-out team B shall resume the game with a throw-in at the throw-in line opposite the scorer’s table in the team’s frontcourt, and shall have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

Art. 23 Player out-of-bounds and ball out-of-bounds:

23-1 Statement: It is a violation when a player leaves the playing court at the endline to avoid a 3-second violation.

23-2 Example: A1 in the restricted area for less than 3 seconds moves to out-of-bounds at the endline in order not to commit a 3-second violation and then re-enters the restricted area.

Interpretation: A1 has committed a violation.

Art. 29/50 24 seconds:

29/50-10 Example: Team A is in control of the ball with 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock when a held ball occurs. An alternating possession throw-in is awarded to: (a) Team A or (b) Team B.

Interpretation:

    • (a) Team A shall have only 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock.
  • (b) Team B shall have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-11 Example: Team A is in control of the ball with 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock when the ball goes out-of-bounds. The officials cannot agree on whether it was A1 or B1 who was the last to touch the ball before it went out-of-bounds. A jump ball situation is called and the alternating possession throw-in is awarded to: (a) Team A or (b) Team B.

Interpretation:

    • (a) Team A shall have only 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock.
  • (b) Team B shall have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-20 Example: A1 dribbles in his frontcourt when B2 commits an unsportsmanlike foul on A2 with 6 seconds remaining on the shot clock.

Interpretation: Regardless of whether the free throws are made or missed team A shall be awarded a throw-in at the centre line extended, opposite to the scorer’s table. Team A shall have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds. The same interpretation is valid for a technical and disqualifying foul.

29/50-22 Example: With 0:25 to play in the last period of the game and with the score A 72 – B 72, team A gains control of the ball. A1 has dribbled the ball for 20 seconds when the game is stopped by the officials due to (a) The game clock or the shot clock failing to run or to start (b) A bottle being thrown on the playing court (c) The shot clock being erroneously reset.

Interpretation: In all cases the game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in with 4 seconds remaining on the shot clock. Team B would be placed at a disadvantage if the game were resumed with a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-25 Statement: A throw-in resulting from a technical foul, an unsportsmanlike foul or a disqualifying foul penalty shall always be administered at the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table and the shot clock shall be reset to a new shot clock period of 24 seconds. This also applies when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the 4th period and in each extra period regardless of whether or not a time-out is awarded to the offensive team.

29/50-26 Example: With 1:12 to play in the last period of the game A1 dribbles in the frontcourt with 6 seconds remaining on the shot clock when (a) B1 commits an unsportsmanlike foul (b) Coach B commits a technical foul A time-out is now granted to either coach A or coach B.

Interpretation: Whether the free throws are made or missed and regardless of which coach requested the time-out, team A shall be awarded a throw-in at the centre line extended, opposite the scorer’s table. Team A shall also have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-28 Example: With 17 seconds remaining on the shot clock A1 releases a shot for a field goal. While the ball is in the air B2 commits a foul on A2. It is team B’s 2nd foul in the period. The ball: (a) Enters the basket. (b) Hits the ring but does not enter the basket. (c) Misses the ring.

Interpretation: (a) Basket of A1 is valid and the ball shall be awarded to team A for a throw-in at the place nearest to the infraction, with 14 seconds remaining on the shot clock. (b) and c) The ball shall be awarded to team A for a throw-in at the place nearest to the infraction, with 17 seconds remaining on the shot clock.

29/50-29 Example: With 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock A1 releases a shot for a field goal. While the ball is in the air B2 commits a foul on A2. It is team B’s 2nd foul in the period. The ball: (a) Enters the basket. (b) Hits the ring but does not enter the basket. (c) Misses the ring.

Interpretation: In (a) the basket of A1 is valid. In all three cases the ball shall be awarded to team A for a throw-in at the place nearest to the infraction, with 14 seconds remaining on the shot clock.

29/50-30 Example: A1 releases a shot for a field goal. While the ball is in the air the shot clock signal sounds and then B2 commits a foul on A2. It is team B’s 2nd foul in the period. The ball: (a) Enters the basket. (b) Hits the ring but does not enter the basket. (c) Misses the ring.

Interpretation: In (a) the basket of A1 is valid. In all three cases no shot clock violation has occurred and the ball shall be awarded to team A for a throw-in at the place nearest to the infraction, with 14 seconds remaining on the shot clock.

29/50-31 Example: With 10 seconds remaining on the shot clock A1 releases a shot for a field goal. While the ball is in the air B2 commits a foul on A2. It is team B’s 5th foul in the period. The ball: (a) Enters the basket. (b) Hits the ring but does not enter the basket. (c) Misses the ring.

Interpretation: In (a) the basket of A1 is valid. In all three cases A2 is awarded 2 free throws.

29/50-32 Example: A1 releases a shot for a field goal. While the ball is in the air the shot clock signal sounds and then B2 commits a foul on A2. It is team B’s 5th foul in the period. The ball: (a) Enters the basket. (b) Hits the ring but does not enter the basket. (c) Misses the ring.

Interpretation: In (a) the basket of A1 is valid. In all three cases no shot clock violation has occurred and A2 is awarded 2 free throws.

29/50-45 Example: After a defensive rebound A1 wants to pass the ball to A2. B1 taps the ball out of A1’s hands. The ball then hits the ring and is caught by B2. Interpretation: As the ball was not in control of the same team that was in control of the ball before the ball touched the ring, team B shall have a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-46 Example: A1 shoots for a field goal with 6 seconds remaining on the shot clock. The ball touches the ring, rebounds and A2 gains control of the ball in his backcourt. A2 is then fouled by B1. This is team B’s 3rd team foul in the period.

Interpretation: The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from his backcourt with a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-53 Example: With 58 seconds remaining on the game clock in the 4th period A1 is fouled in his backcourt by B1. Team A has 19 seconds remaining on the shot clock. This is team B’s 3rd team foul in the period. Team B is granted a time-out. Interpretation: The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from his backcourt with a new shot clock period of 24 seconds.

29/50-55 Example: With 25.2 seconds remaining on the game clock in the 2nd period team A gains control of the ball. With 1 second remaining on the shot clock A1 shoots for a field goal. While the ball is in the air the shot clock signal sounds. The ball does not touch the ring and after another 1.2 seconds the game clock signal sounds to end the period.

Interpretation: This is not a shot clock violation. The official did not call a violation while waiting if team B gains clear control of the ball. The period has ended.

29/50-56 Example: With 25.2 seconds remaining on the game clock in the 2nd period team A gains control of the ball. With 1 second remaining on the shot clock A1 shoots for a field goal. While the ball is in the air the shot clock signal sounds. The ball does not touch the ring and the official calls the violation with the game clock showing 0.8 seconds.

Interpretation: Shot clock violation. The ball shall be awarded to team B for a throw-in with 0.8 seconds remaining on the game clock.

29/50-57 Example: With 25.2 seconds remaining on the game clock in the 2nd period team A gains control of the ball. With 1.2 second remaining on the game clock and with A1 having the ball in his hand(s) the shot clock signal sounds. The official calls the violation with the game clock showing 0.8 seconds.

Interpretation: Shot clock violation. The ball shall be awarded to team B for a throw-in with 1.2 seconds remaining on the game clock.

Art. 30 Ball returned to the backcourt

30-12 Example: A1 dribbles from his backcourt to the frontcourt. Having both feet in his frontcourt he still dribbles the ball in his backcourt. Then the ball touches his leg and bounces into his backcourt where A2 starts a dribble.

Interpretation: Legal play as A1 has not yet established control of the ball in his frontcourt.

30-13 Example: A1 in his backcourt passes the ball to A2 who is in his frontcourt. A2 touches the ball which returns to A1 who is still in the backcourt.

Interpretation: Legal play as A2 has not established control of the ball in his frontcourt.

30-16 Example: A1 dribbles in his frontcourt near the centre line when B1 taps the ball into team A’s backcourt. A1 with both feet still in his frontcourt continues to dribble the ball which bounces in his backcourt.

Interpretation: Legal play. Team A was not the last touching the ball in his frontcourt. A1 could even continue his dribbling completely into his backcourt with new 8 seconds.

30-17 Example: A1 in his backcourt passes the ball to A2. A2 jumps from his frontcourt, catches the ball while airborne and lands (a) with both feet in his backcourt. (b) touching the centre line. (c) straddling the centre line and then passes or dribbles the ball to his backcourt.

Interpretation: Team A violation for illegally returning the ball to the backcourt. A2 has established team A control in the frontcourt when catching the ball in the air.

Art. 31 Goaltending and Interference

31-11 Statement: Interference is committed by a defensive or offensive player during a shot for a field goal when a player touches the basket or the backboard while the ball is in contact with the ring and still has a possibility to enter the basket.

Diagram 2 Ball in contact with the ring

31-15 Statement: It is an interference violation if a player grasps the basket to play the ball.

31-16 Example: A1 attempts a shot for a 3-point field goal. The ball rebounds from the basket when: (a) A2 grasps the basket and taps the ball into the basket. (b) B1 grasps the basket and taps the ball away from the basket.

Interpretation: Interference committed by both A2 and B1. (a) No points shall be awarded. The game shall resume with team B throw-in at the free- thrown line extended. (b) Team A is awarded 3 points.

31-17 Statement: It is an interference violation if a defensive player touches the ball while the ball is within the basket.

Diagram 3 Ball is within the basket

31-18 Example: A1 attempts a shot for a field goal. While the ball turns around the ring and its slightest part is within or below the level of the ring B1 touches the ball.

Interpretation: Interference committed by B1 as the ball is within the basket as the slightest part of the ball is within and below the level of the ring.

Art. 36 Technical foul

36-18 Statement: Whenever a player fakes a foul the following procedure shall be applied:

    • Without interrupting the game the official signals the fake with showing twice the “rise-the-lower-arm” signal.
    • As soon as the game is stopped the next time a warning shall be communicated to the player and the coach of this team. Both teams are entitled for 1 warning.
    • The next time a player of this team fakes a foul a technical foul shall be called. This applies also if the game was not stopped to communicate the warning.
  • In an excessive case without any contact a technical foul may be called immediately without a warning.

36-19 Example: A1 dribbles with B1 defending him. A1 makes a sudden move with his head giving the impression as he was fouled by B1. At the same play situation, A1 further falls on the floor giving the impression as he was pushed by B1.

Interpretation: The official gives A1 a warning for his fake with the head with twice showing him the “rise-the-lower-arm” signal. A1 shall be charged for his fake falling on the floor with a technical foul as this is the second fake even there was no interruption of the game to communicate the warning to A1 for his first fake.

36-20 Example: A1 dribbles with B1 defending him. A1 then makes a sudden move with his head giving the impression as he was fouled by B1. During the same play B2 falls on the floor giving the impression as he was pushed by A2.

Interpretation: The official gives A1 and B2 a warning for their fakes with twice showing them the “rise-the-lower-arm” signal. During the next interruption of the game the warnings shall be communicated to A1, B2 and both coaches

Art. 37 Unsportsmanlike foul

37-8 Statement: Contact by the defensive player from behind or laterally on an opponent in an attempt to stop the fast break and with no other defensive player between the offensive player and the opponents’ basket shall be called as an unsportsmanlike foul only until the offensive player begins his act of shooting. However, any hard contact may be called as an unsportsmanlike foul at any time during the game.

37-9 Example: While A1 is dribbling to the basket on a fast break and there is no other defensive player between A1 and the opponents’ basket B1 contacts A1 illegally from behind and a foul is called.

Interpretation: This shall be called as an unsportsmanlike foul.

37-10 Example: Finishing his fast break A1 starts his act of shooting when B1 contacts his arm from behind (a) on trying to block the ball. (b) with an excessive hard contact.

Interpretation: This shall be called as (a) a normal foul. (b) an unsportsmanlike foul.

2 zousätzlëch Saachen sinn och beim Instant Replay System (IRS) derbäi komm, déi eis allerdings net concernéieren, wëll mir deen momentan net asetzen.

Déi néi Reegelen fannt der och op http://www.fiba.com/documents an hei:

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